Profile of Directorate of Extension Services:-
Directorate of Extension Services was started with the inception of the University in 1964. Since then, it is playing a key role in transferring the latest technologies to the farming community and the development agencies in the field of agriculture and allied subjects across the genders by addressing the existing gaps and ensuring sustainability. To implement the program, Directorate functions through the Krishi Vigyan Kendras, Communication Centre and Agricultural Technology Information Center (ATIC).
Mission & Motto
Directorate of Extension is committed to serve farmers through well - organized network covering all agro-climatic zones of the State. The channels for the transfer of technologies are dispensed to the farmers directly and through the extension agencies.
The motto of the university is to reach the unreached through extension system in Madhya Pradesh.
Role of the Directorate
Directorate is committed to ensure profitability and sustainability in agriculture and allied disciplines as the livelihood of the farmers trough transfer of technology. Role of the Directorate to fulfill its objectives are as follows:
Administrative management and guidance to the KVKs in designing and developing the technical program of the Krishi Vigyan Kendras.
Transfer of technologies, assessment refinement, feedbacks to the researcher and demonstrations through KVKs.
Mentoring, Monitoring and Reviewing the activities of KVKs, Communication Center and ATIC.
Linkage with allied Departments and Developmental Organizations.
Capacity Building of KVK Scientists and ensuring human resource development within the system.
Developing and evolving reporting and documentation system of the KVK for effective implementation of the programs.
Coordination in organizing Pre-zonal and Zonal workshops of KVKs.
Facilitation of Mobile Diagnostic Services and Farm Advisory Services like soil testing, water testing, plant clinic, covering field.
agronomical crops, horticultural crops, medicinal and aromatic crops etc for which well equipped mobile van is available in the Directorate.
Krishi Vigyan Kendra(KVK)
Out of 50 districts of Madhya Pradesh, 25 districts are under JNKVV, out of which twenty KVKs are under Directorate of Extension Services, JNKVV.
They are KVK, Chhindwada (1982), Balaghat (1992), Seoni (1994), Shahdol (1994), Sidhi (1994), Tikamgarh (1994), Betul (2002), Panna (2002), Dindori (2003), Damoh (2004), Harda (2004), Hoshangabad (2004), Jabalpur (2004), Narsinghpur (2004), Rewa (2004), Sagar (2004), Chhatarpur (2005), Katni (2005), Mandla (2006) and Umaria (2006).
The mandates of KVKs are as follows:
Conducting “On-Farm Testing” for identifying technologies in terms of location specific sustainable land use systems.
Organizing training to update the extension personnel with emerging advances in agricultural research on regular basis.
- Organizing short and long term training courses in agriculture and allied vocations for the farmers and rural youths with emphasis on “Learning by doing ”for higher production on farms and generating self-employment.
Organizing Front Line Demonstrations (FLDs) on various crops to generate production data and feedback information.
KVKs function in the gap filling mode. Technologies identified are supplemented by the research system which is assessed for suitability and feasibility at the local level; then if required its refinement is done followed by demonstration.
To enhance effectively in transfer of technology, capacity building of farmers, farm women and rural youth including school dropouts and the extension functionaries is done. Feed back is documented and given back to the research system for further research.
On Farm Testing
To assess location specific problems On Farm Trials are conducted on different aspects of agriculture and allied subject across the genders. By this process, the feasibility of technology is tested and suitability is ascertained, so that it can be replicated in large scale. For further development in the respective discipline and its aspects, feedback is collected from the farmers which is given to the research system after assessment and refinement of the technology.
Front Line Demonstrations
The assessed and / or refined technology 0is demonstrated in the farmers’ or beneficiaries’ field for horizontal and vertical spread through Front Line Demonstration program and field days. These demonstrations are laid down on oilseed and pulses and other that oil seed and pulse crops and aspects.
Krishi Vigyan Kendra conducts trainings in order to impart knowledge and help develop skill in the field of agriculture, secondary agriculture, agro-forestry, agricultural engineering, live stock, women empowerment, home science and human resource development. These trainings are given in the campus and also off campus, in the villages which are provided to the farmers, farm women and extension functionaries directly. Vocational trainings are provided to the rural youth, school dropouts to connect them to the livelihood.
KVK also organizes on campus sponsored trainings and participates in the off campus trainings which are funded by other organizations.
Other Extension Activities
To support the activities further, KVK holds field days, crop days, special days, camps, sangoshthis and farmers’ fair, farmers-scientist interface, monthly workshop etc.
Plant Clinic and Advisory Services:
KVKs are providing plant clinic service to give suitable solution to the farmers’ queries. Their queries are also answered telephonically. Scientists’ visit to the farmers’ field is also conducted for diagnostic services. Other than the regular services, KVK also connect the farmers to the other developmental agencies.
Kisan Mobile Advisory Service
This programme was launched by the University in 2008-09 through which need based, timely technologies in the form of messages are sent to farmers on mobile twice a week in Hindi.
All the KVKs are publishing quarterly news magazine in Hindi which is sent to the District Authorities, Secretaries of all the Panchayats, Extension Functionaries and Farmers. It contains the content regarding activities of KVK and technical recommendations.
- Seed village programme was implemented through all the 20 KVKs in both the seasons. Quality seeds were made available to farmers. This helped in improving the seed replacement rate in the state. Infrastructural facilities were developed in six KVK viz. Betul, Jabalpur, Damoh, Sagar, Katni and Chhindwada to produce quality planting material of horticultural crops.
- In crop cafeteria, seeds of new crops varieties/ hybrids of Kharif and Rabi crops were made available to KVKs with the object to assess and demonstrate the suitability of new crops cultivars. The most appropriate varieties were identified for conducting OFTs and FLDs on the farmers’ fields.
- Project on varietal replacement in tribal area is implemented in three KVKs for improving the crop productivity in tribal dominated districts viz. Chhindwada, Mandla and Dindori. The program is focused upon natural resource management, use of improved varieties of maize, cotton and rice and introduction of soybean, castor and vegetables in their cropping systems. The Krishi Vigyan Kendra Dindori, Mandla, Betul, Chhindwada, Shahdol and Umaria have done commendable efforts for socio-economic upliftment of tribes. Similarly, Gonds and Baigas of Eastern tribal regions of the State have been benefited by extension efforts of Krishi Vigyan Kendras of Sidhi, Shahdol, Umaria, Katni and Seoni.
Special Convergence Programmes:
- A special program is being implemented by the KVKs in association with the Department of Farmers Welfare & Agri. Development, Govt. of M.P in which each KVK is conducting capacity building program of 5000 farmers in various aspect of agriculture and allied subject to stabilize the rate of agricultural development in double digits.
- Central and State Government have taken skill development initiative jointly and employable skill module is developed for excellence in vocational trainings. The objectives of the scheme are to provide vocational trainings to school dropouts, existing workers, ITI graduates, to improve their employability. Nineteen (19) KVKs under Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya are serving as “Vocational Training Provider” in various aspects related to agriculture. The program is funded by M. P. Council of Vocational Education and Training through department of “Farmers’ Welfare and Agricultural development”. The duration of trainings varied from 90 hours to 300 hrs as per the requirement of the skill.
- NAIP funded project is implemented in four districts viz. Chhatarpur, Tikamgarh, Betul and Mandla through different non government agencies and KVKs with the objectives to promote integrated farming system modules to ensure the livelihood security of small and marginal farmers.
Tribal Sub Plan (Agro Forestry) is implemented in Dindori, Mandla, Seoni Shahdol, Jabalpur and Umaria whereas Tribal Sub Plan (Pulses) is implemented in Dindori, Mandla and Shahdol Districts.
- NICRA (National Initiative on Climatic Resilient Agriculture) is implemented by three KVKs i.e. KVK Chhatarpur, KVK Tikamgarh and KVK Balaghat. This project is funded by Central Government with the objective of demonstration in farmers’ field on change in agricultural plan due to change in weather.
- Livelihood security programme in Mandla & Dindori under DBT.
- Meteorological observatory is established in 12 KVKs
Literature: The Communication Centre publishes magazines, periodicals, bulletins and leaflets for dissemination of information to the extension works and the farmers. “Krishi Vishwa” a quarterly publication is very popular among farmers and extension workers. Special issues on major cereals, pulses and oilseeds, horticultural crops and animal husbandry are being published.
Radio Programme: The radio talks recorded at Communication Centre studio is given to AIR- Jabalpur for broadcasting in programme “Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya Se Kheton Tak” on every Monday between 7.20 to 8.00 pm (Prime Time).
Agricultural Technology Information Centre (ATIC)
Agricultural Technological Information Centre (ATIC) is serving the farming community as Single window through which all the required services are provided to them for example, Jawahar Seed, Jawahar, Culture, Planting materials of ornamental plants, Fruit Trees and Planting Material of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Mushroom Spawn, medicinal and aromatic plants and honey and Krishi Vishwa Magazine, Yearly Diary, Annual Table Calendar, Annual Wall Calendar, Telephone Directory.
ATIC also arranges trainings for the farmers and extension functionaries. Farmers get the weather based advisory services also.